Festivals and fairs in Jharkhand are colourful and are windows to know the socio-religious culture of tribal population in the state. A visit to these festivals and fairs will give first hand information about the life of people residing in Jharkhand. Tribals perform their rituals under sal trees. Such groves are located either in the village itself or in a nearby forest. They are known as ''Jaher'' or ''sarna sthal''. Tribal people get together in such a sacred grove and perform ceremonies.
Festivals like Eid-ul-fitr
, Chhath Puj
are celebrated just like in other states of India. Some festivals like Sarhul, Karam,Jawa, Tusu
Parab or Makar, Hal Punhya, Bhagta Parab, Rohini, Jani-Shikaar and Bandna are very traditional festivals celebrated by people residing in this state. Each festival has its own special significance. SARHUL
is celebrated during the Spring season. This is the time when flowers start blooming on saal trees. People worship their deity by offering saal flowers. ''Handia'' is served and the beat of traditional drums fill the air. KARAM
is celebrated by worshipping ''Karam devta'' who is the God of power and youthfulness. Everyone sings and dances in a group tapping their feet to the beats of traditional drums.JAWA
is celebrated by unmarried girls. They decorate baskets with germinating seeds and offer green melons to Karam deity. These symbolise fertility, a good harvest of surplus grains and birth of a son.TUSU PARAB or MAKAR
is a harvest festival. This festival is celebrated by unmarried girls.HAL PUNHYA
marks the beginning of ploughing. The farmers plough two and a half circles of their agricultural land. This is symbolic of bringing good fortune.BHAGTA PARAB
marks the worship of Budha Baba. Celebrations include ''chhau dance'' and traditional sports.
festival marks the beginning of sowing of seeds in the fields. BANDNA
festival is celebrated by cleaning and decorating animals such as cows and bulls. Natural colours are used for painting their bodies and animals are decked up with ornaments. JANI-SHIKAAR
is a festival when the women dress up like men and go for hunting. According to a legend, the Kurukh women in Roh-tas-garh drove away the Mohemmedans who came to capture the fort while their men were drunk. This festival is celebrated every 12 years.